Publications (old)


Legal Revision and Religious Renewal in Ancient Israel.

New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.


The Right Chorale”: Studies in Biblical Law and Interpretation. 
Forschungen zum Alten Testament 54; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008.



L’Herméneutique de l’innovation: Canon et exégèse dans l’Israël biblique. 
Preface by Jean Louis Ska. Le livre et le rouleau 24. Brussels: Éditions Lessius, 2005.



Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation. 
Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1997; paperback, 2002.



The Pentateuch as Torah: New Models for Understanding Its Promulgation and Acceptance. 
Gary Knoppers, co-editor. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2007.



Theory and Method in Biblical and Cuneiform Law: Revision, Interpolation, and Development.
Classic Reprints series, Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2006.


  Judge and Society in Antiquity. 
Edited by Aaron Skaist and Bernard M. Levinson. Special double issue of MAARAV: A Journal for the Study of the Northwest Semitic Languages and Literatures 12.1–2 (2005).


Recht und Ethik im Alten Testament: Beiträge des Symposiums “Das Alte Testament und die Kultur der Moderne.”
anlässlich des 100. Geburtstags Gerhard von Rad (1901–1971).
Eckart Otto, co-editor, with Walter Dietrich.  Münster/London: LIT, 2004.


Gender and Law in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East. 
Victor H. Matthews and Tikva Frymer-Kensky, co-editors.
JSOTSup 262.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998; paperback, 2004.


Deuteronomy.” Pages 240–313 in The New Oxford Annotated Bible.  Third edition. 
New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Augmented edition, 2007.  Revised for The New Oxford Annotated Bible, with the Apocrypha: An Ecumenical Study Bible. Fully Revised Fourth Edition. Edited by Michael D. Coogan. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Pages 247–312. 

“Deuteronomy.”  Pages 356–450 in The Jewish Study Bible.  Edited by Adele Berlin
and Marc Zvi Brettler.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.


“The Development of the Jewish Bible: Critical Reflections upon the Concept of a
‘Jewish Bible’ and on the Idea of Its ‘Development.’” In What is Bible? Edited by Karin Finsterbusch and Armin Lange. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, forthcoming in 2011.

“Gab es eine Bundestheologische Redaktion des Deuteronomiums?” In Viele Wege
zu dem Einen: Historische Bibelkritik - Die Vitalität der Glaubensüberlieferung in der Moderne. Edited by Stefan Beyerle and Axel Graupner. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, forthcoming in 2011.

“Esarhaddon’s Succession Treaty as the Source for the Canon Formula in
Deuteronomy 13:1,”Journal of the American Oriental Society 130 (2010): 337–347 (in press).

“Deuteronomy.” The Encyclopedia of the Bible. Edited by Michael D. Coogan. New
York: Oxford University Press, 2011 (in press).

“The King James Bible at 400: Scripture, Statecraft, and the American Founding.”
(Co-author Joshua Berman). The History Channel Magazine, special supplement, November 2010, pp. 1–11. PDF

“The Bible’s Break with Ancient Political Thought to Promote Equality—‘It Ain’t
Necessarily so.’” A review article of Joshua Berman, Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political ThoughtThe Journal of Theological Studies61:2 (2010): 685–94. Online: doi: 10.1093/jts/flq048PDF

“The Neo-Assyrian Origins of the Canon Formula in Deuteronomy 13:1.”  Pages
25–45 in Scriptural Exegesis: The Shapes of Culture and the Religious Imagination (Essays in Honour of Michael Fishbane).  Edited by Deborah A. Green and Laura Lieber.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

“Reading the Bible in Nazi Germany: Gerhard von Rad’s Attempt to Reclaim the
Old Testament for the Church.” Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology62 (2008): 238–54.

“‘Du sollst nichts hinzufügen und nichts wegnehmen’ (Dtn 13,1): Rechtsreform und
Hermeneutik in der Hebräischen Bibel.”  Pages 62–94 in Houses Full of All Good Things: Essays in Memory of Timo Veijola.  Edited by Juha Pakkala and Martti Nissinen.  Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society, vol.  95.  Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2008.

“How, When, Where, and Why Did the Pentateuch Become the Torah?” (Co-author:
Gary N. Knoppers).  Pages 1–19 in The Pentateuch as Torah: New Models for Understanding Its Promulgation and Acceptance.  Edited by Bernard M. Levinson and Gary Knoppers.  Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2007. 

“The First Constitution: Rethinking the Origins of Rule of Law and Separation of 
Powers in Light of Deuteronomy.”  Cardozo Law Review 27:4 (2006): 1853–88.

“‘Du sollst nichts hinzufügen und nichts wegnehmen’ (Dtn 13,1): Rechtsreform und
Hermeneutik in der Hebräischen Bibel.”  Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche102 (2006): 157–83.

The Manumission of Hermeneutics: The Slave Laws of the Pentateuch as a
Challenge to Contemporary Pentateuchal Theory.”  Pages 281–324 in Congress Volume Leiden 2004. Edited by André Lemaire.  Vetus Testamentum Supplements 109.  Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2006

“The ‘Effected Object’ in Contractual Legal Language: The Semantics of ‘If You 
Purchase a Hebrew Slave’ (Exod. xxi 2).”  Vetus Testamentum 56 (2006): 485­­–504.
“Deuteronomy’s Conception of Law as an ‘Ideal Type’: A Missing Chapter in the 
History of Constitutional Law.”  In Judge and Society in Antiquity.  Edited by Bernard M. Levinson and Aaron Skaist = Maarav: A Journal for the Study of the Northwest Semitic Languages and Literatures 12:1–2 (2005): 83–119.

“The Birth of the Lemma: The Restrictive Reinterpretation of the Covenant
Code’s Manumission Law by the Holiness Code (Leviticus 25:44–46).”  Journal of Biblical Literature 124 (2005): 617–39.

“The Metamorphosis of Law into Gospel: Gerhard von Rad’s Attempt to Reclaim
the Old Testament for the Church.” Bernard M. Levinson and Douglas Dance.  Pages 83–110 in Recht und Ethik im Alten Testament.  Edited by Bernard M. Levinson and Eckart Otto.  Münster/London: LIT Verlag, 2004.

“Is the Covenant Code an Exilic Composition?  A Response to John Van Seters.”
 Pages 272–325 in In Search of Pre-Exilic Israel: Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar.  Edited by John Day.  Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series, vol. 406.  London and New York: T. & T. Clark, 2004.

“‘You Must Not Add Anything to What I Command You’: Paradoxes of Canon and
Authorship in Ancient Israel.” Numen: International Review for the History of Religions 50 (2003): 1–51.

“Revelation Regained: The Hermeneutics of כי and אם in the Temple Scroll.”
Bernard M. Levinson and Molly M. Zahn (co-authors).  Dead Sea DiscoveriesA Journal of Current Research on the Scrolls and Related Literature 9 (2002): 295–346.
“Goethe’s Analysis of Exodus 34 and Its Influence on Julius Wellhausen: The 
Pfropfung of the Documentary Hypothesis.”  Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 114 (2002): 212–23.

“The Seductions of the Garden: The Genesis of Hermeneutics as Critique.” On
Interpretation: Studies in Culture, Law, and the Sacred = Graven Images 5 (2002): 95–99.

“The Reconceptualization of Kingship in Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomistic 
History’s Transformation of Torah.”  Vetus Testamentum 51 (2001): 511–34.

“Textual Criticism, Assyriology, and the History of Interpretation: Deuteronomy 
13:7a as a Test Case in Method.”  Journal of Biblical Literature 120 (2001): 211–43.

“The Hermeneutics of Tradition in Deuteronomy.”  Journal of Biblical Literature 119
(2000): 269–86.

“The Covenant at Mount Sinai: The Argument of Revelation.”  Pages 23–27 in The 
Jewish Political Tradition, vol. 1: Authority.  Edited by Michael Walzer, Menachem Lorberbaum, and Noam J. Zohar.  New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000.

“Recovering the Lost Original Meaning of ולא תכסה עליו (Deut 13:9).” Journal of
Biblical Literature 115 (1996): 601–20.

“‘But You Shall Surely Kill Him!’: The Text-Critical and Neo-Assyrian Evidence for 
MT Deuteronomy 13:10.”  Pages 37–63 in Bundesdokument und Gesetz: Studien zum Deuteronomium.  Edited by Georg Braulik.  Herder’s Biblical Studies 4.  Freiburg: Herder, 1995.

 “The Case for Revision and Interpolation within the Biblical Legal Corpora.”  
Pages 37–59 in Theory and Method in Biblical and Cuneiform Law: Revision, Interpolation and Development.  Edited by Bernard M. Levinson.  Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series, vol. 181.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994.

“The Case for Grounding Biblical Hermeneutics upon the Diachronic Method.” Pages
93–108 in Literary Theory and Biblical Hermeneutics.  Edited by Tibor Fabiny.  Papers in English and American Studies 4.  Szeged, Hungary: Attila Jozsef University, 1992.

“The Human Voice in Divine Revelation: The Problem of Authority in Biblical Law.”  
Pages 35–71 in Innovation in Religious Traditions:  Essays in the Interpretation of Religious Change.  Edited by Michael A. Williams, Martin S. Jaffee, and Collett Cox.  Religion and Society 31.  Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1992.

“‘The Right Chorale’: From the Poetics of Biblical Narrative to the Hermeneutics of the
Hebrew Bible.”  Pages 129–53 (notes on pp. 242–47) in “Not in Heaven”: Coherence and Complexity in Biblical Narrative.  Edited by Jason P. Rosenblatt and Joseph C. Sitterson.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.

“Calum M. Carmichael’s Approach to the Laws of Deuteronomy.” Harvard
Theological Review 83 (1990): 227–57.

Reviews, Notes, and Similar

Essay review of Jo Ann Hackett, A Basic Introduction to Biblical Hebrew, Review of
Biblical Literature [] (Published 1/2/2011). PDF
Essay review of Michael Fishbane, Sacred Attunement: A Jewish Theology,
Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (2010): 294–300. PDF

Essay review of Susannah Heschel, The Aryan Jesus: Christian Theologian and the
Bible in Nazi Germany (Co-author: Tina Sherman), Review of Biblical Literature Review of Biblical Literature [] (2010). 8 pages. PDF

“Bible: Law.” Pages 85–87 in Reader’s Guide to Judaism.  Edited by Michael Terry. 
Chicago and London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000.

Review of Martha T. Roth, Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor,
Journal of Near Eastern Studies 59 (2000): 119–121.

Two dozen entries in Harper’s Bible Dictionary.  New York: Society of Biblical Literature,
Harper & Row, 1985; second edition, 1997.

“McConville’s Law and Theology in Deuteronomy.” Jewish Quarterly Review 80
(1990): 396–404 (review article).